ETHICAL LEADERSHIP: MENINGKATKAN KINERJA ORGANISASI MASA PANDEMI COVID 19

  • M Trihudiyatmanto Universitas Sains Al-Qur'an (UNSIQ) Jawa Tengah di Wonosobo
Keywords: Organizational performance, ethical leadeships, the Covid-19 pandemic

Abstract

This study examines the effect of ethical leadership on organizational performance moderated by the COVID-19 pandemic. It seems that the COVID-19 pandemic has an important moderating role in the role of the relationship between ethical leadership and organizational performance. According to theory, organizational performance is influenced by the attitudes and decisions made by an ethical leader.The purpose of this study was to analyze how much influence ethical leadership has on organizational performance. The variables studied were the independent variable ethical leadership and the dependent variable was organizational performance with the Covid-19 pandemic as a moderating variable. The research data were obtained from Wood Industri PT. Phoenix Agung Pratama (PAP) who is domiciled in Wonosobo District, Wonosobo Regency, Central Java Province. Withdrawal of samples from the population using the census sampling method. The data were collected using a survey method, namely the questionnaire was delivered and taken directly to the research object. Data analysis used the Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) test by checking the independent variables, moderating variables and dependent variables.From the research that has been done, it is found that ethical leadership antecedents affect organizational performance at PT. PAP. Ethical leadership antecedents affect the organizational performance of the Covid-19 pandemic as a moderating variable at PT. PAP. This means that covid-19 moderates the relationship between Ethical Leadership and Organizational Performance at PT. Phoenix Agung Pratama (PAP) Wonosobo Regency

References

Alshammari, A., Almutairi, N. N., & Thuwaini, S. F. (2016). Ethical Leadership : The Effect on Employees Ethical Leadership : The Effect on Employees. International Journal of Business and Management, Vol. 10, N(March). https://doi.org/10.5539/ijbm.v10n3p108

Anak Agung Dwi Widyani, Nengah Landra, Nengah Sudja, M. X. & I. W. G. S. | P. F. (Reviewing editor). (2020). The role of ethical behavior and entrepreneurial leadership to improve organizational performance. Cogent Business & Management, 7:1. https://doi.org/10.1080/23311975.2020.1747827

Beekun, R. (2012). Character centered leadership: Muhammad (p) as an ethical role model for CEOs. The Journal of Management Development, 31. https://doi.org/10.1108/02621711211281799.

Beekun, R. I. (1997). Islamic Business Ethict, Virginia: InternationalInstitute of Islamic Thought.

Bhatti, M. H., Akram, U., Bhatti, M. H., & Rasool, H. (2020). Unraveling the E ff ects of Ethical Leadership on Knowledge Sharing : The Mediating Roles of Subjective Well-Being and Social Media in the Hotel Industry. Sustainability, 12, 8333, 1–20. https://doi.org/; doi:10.3390/su12208333

Brown, M. E., Trevino, L. K., & Harrison, D. (2005). Ethical leadership: A social learning perspective for construct development and testing. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 97, 117–134.

Cascio WF. (2015). Managing human resources: productivity, quality of life, profits. 10th ed. McGraw-Hill Irwin, 61.

Ferdinand, A. T. (2014). Metode Penelitian Manajemen. Semarang: BP Universitas Diponegoro.

Fu, J., Long, Y., He, Q., & Liu, Y. (2020). Can Ethical Leadership Improve Employees’ Well-Being at Work? Another Side of Ethical Leadership Based on Organizational Citizenship Anxiety. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, 1478. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.01478

Haryono, S. (2016). Metode SEM Untuk Penelitian Manajemen Amos Lisrel PLS.

Jamal Uddin, S. (2003). Understanding the Framework of business in Islam in an Era Globalization: A Review. Business Ethics: A European Review, 12(1), 23–30.

Kanungo, R. N. (2001). Ethical values of transactional and transformational leaders. Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences, 18, 257–256.

Khuntia, R., & Suar, D. (2004). A scale to assess ethical leadership for Indian private and public sector managers. Journal of Business Ethics, 49, 13–26.

Malik, S., Awais, M., Timsal, A., & Qureshi, H. (2016). Impact of Ethical Leadership on Employees ’ Performance : Moderating Role of Organizational Values. International Review of Management and Marketing, 6(3)(July), 590–595.

Mary Uhl-Bien, John R. Schermerhorn Jr., R. N. O. (2013). Organizational Behavior (13th Editi).

Qing, M., Asif, M., Hussain, A. et al. (2020). Exploring the impact of ethical leadership on job satisfaction and organizational commitment in public sector organizations: the mediating role of psychological empowerment. Rev Manag Sci, 14, 1405–1432. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1007/s11846-019-00340-9

Saeed, Mohammad;Ahmed, Zafar U;Mukhtar, S.-M. (2001). International marketing ethics from an Islamic perspective: A value-maximization approach. Journal of Business Ethics, 32(2), ProQuest Research Librarypg. 127.

Setyo Hari Wijanto. (2008). Structural Equation Modeling dengan Lisrel 8.8: Konsep dan Tutorial. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.

Sugiyono. (2012). Memahami Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Sugiyono. (2015). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif Kualitatif dan R&D (22nd ed.). Bandung: Penerbit Alfabeta.

Treacy M and Wiersema F. (1995). The discipline of market leaders:choose your customers, narrow your focus, dominate yourmarket. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.

Trevino, L. K., & Brown, M. E. (2004). Managing to be ethical: Debunking five business ethics myths. Academy of Management Executive, 18, 69–204.

Yukl, G., Mahsud, R., Hassan, S., & Prussia, G. E. (2013). An improved measure of ethical leadership. Journal of Leadership and Organizational Studies, 20(1), 38–48. https://doi.org/10.1177/1548051811429352

Zack M, M. J. and S. S. (2009). Knowledge managementand organizational performance: an exploratory analysis. JKnowlg Manage, 13(6), 392–409. https://doi.org/10.1108/13673270910997088.

Published
2021-04-26
How to Cite
Trihudiyatmanto, M. (2021). ETHICAL LEADERSHIP: MENINGKATKAN KINERJA ORGANISASI MASA PANDEMI COVID 19. AkMen JURNAL ILMIAH, 18(1), 98-109. https://doi.org/10.37476/akmen.v18i1.1322